On Thursday November 22th, 2018, at 16:30h
will give a talk in lecture hall A027 on
On Scalar Curvature, Minimal Surfaces, and the Isoperimetric Problem in the Large
Abstract: A small geodesic ball at a point of positive scalar curvatue has more volume than a Euclidean ball with the same perimeter. In fact, the magnitude of the scalar curvature can be computed as an isoperimetric deficit of the geodesic ball. This classical observation has a global counterpart that we have recently established in joint work with O. Chodosh, Y. Shi, and H. Yu: Let (M,g) (not equal to R^3) be an asymptotically flat Riemannian 3-manifold with non-negative scalar curvature. For every sufficiently large amount of area, there is a unique region of largest volume whose perimeter has that area. Moreover, these large solutions of the isoperimetric problem are nested and their isoperimetric deficit from Euclidean space encodes the ADM mass of (M,g). This confirms a longstanding conjecture of H. Bray, G. Huisken, and S.-T. Yau. The goal of my lecture is to explain this effective version of the positive mass theorem and its relation to a conjecture of R. Schoen (established in joint work with O. Chodosh).
Everyone is invited! Join us for coffee and tea in the common room (B448) half an hour before the talk.