Am Mittwoch, 27. Juli 2005, um 16 Uhr c.t. spricht
im Hörsaal E27 über das Thema
The lost proof of Loewner's Theorem
Zusammenfassung: A real-valued function, F, on an interval (a,b) is called matrix monotone if F(A) < F(B) whenever A and B are finite matrices of the same order with eigenvalues in (a, b) and A < B. In 1934, Loewner proved the remarkable theorem that F is matrix monotone if and only if F is real analytic with continuations to the upper and lower half planes so that Im F > 0 in the upper half plane. This deep theorem has evoked enormous interest over the years and a number of alternate proofs. There is a lovely 1954 proof that seems to have been "lost" in the that the proof is not mentioned in various books and review article presentations of the subject, and I have found no reference to the proof since 1960. The proof uses continued fractions. I'll provide background on the subject and then discuss the lost proof and a variant of that proof which I've found, which even avoids the need for estimates, and proves a stronger theorem.
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